Socrates, revered founder of the Western philosophical tradition, is seen more as a mythical philosopher than a historical figure. He lived from 469 until his execution in 399 BC. In Athens. He never wrote a word - our knowledge of the philosophy of Socrates absolutely depends on the records of his students and contemporaries. Socrates was of course a strange, eccentric personality: he wandered around in old, dirty clothes, without shoes, and played the role of the penniless vagabond. After all, he was considered pretty ugly. Although he was hugely respected by students and admirers, he also had powerful enemies who accused him of two serious crimes: atheism and the corruption of the youth.
'Euthyphron , ' the first episode in Plato's Trial and death of Socrates, takes place outside the courthouse in Athens. On his way to trial, Socrates meets Euthyphro, a confident Athenian who is preparing to sue his own father. Of course, Socrates ceases to ask Euthyphron about the nature of piety.
In Plato's dialogues Socrates attracts seemingly simple discussions always looking for true forms. What does Socrates ask for when he asks: What is piety? Or in the words of JAY-Z, Is pious pious because God loves pious? How would you characterize Socrates' method of searching for truth?
In 'sorry' Socrates speaks to the Athens jury. While facing the allegations made by Meletus, Socrates begins a famous discussion of the nature of wisdom.
What is human wisdom? How is Socrates wise ?
In “Crito” and “Phaedo”, Socrates and his students grapple with the judgment of the jury. Faced with the possibility of fleeing Athens and avoiding execution, Socrates talks about his relationship with the state.
Why does Socrates reject Crito's offer?
The life and death of Socrates are anchored in the works of Plato, Socrates' disciple. Plato lived from 429 to 347 BC. In Athens, where he founded his academy. Plato, in turn, formed another important figure in the Western tradition: Aristotle. Teachers and students are more iconic up in Raphaels The school of Athens. (Maybe this setting looks like strangely familiar ). In his innumerable dialogues, Plato expresses an extraordinary fascination for forms - the eternal, essential abstractions that underlie all earthly objects.